Boron deficiency made worse by

  • Sandy soils
  • Alkaline soils
  • Soils low in organic matter
  • High levels of nitrogen
  • High levels of calcium
  • Cold wet weather
  • Periods of drought

Boron is important for

  • Cell integrity
  • Efficient uptake of Ca, K and N
  • Development of young shoots and roots
  • Low requirement of monocotyledons, susceptible to B toxicity